Unfolding the Legacy: The 1913 Folding Stock Revolution


In the realm of firearms history, certain innovations stand out as game-changers, altering the landscape of weaponry and influencing the design of firearms for decades to come. One such groundbreaking development is the introduction of the 1913 folding stock, a revolutionary concept that has left an indelible mark on the world of firearms. In this article, we delve into the origins, evolution, and impact of the 1913 folding stock.

Origins and Historical Context:

The story of the 1913 folding stock begins against the backdrop of a rapidly changing world. The early 20th century witnessed a shift in military tactics, with the advent of trench warfare necessitating compact and maneuverable firearms. The need for versatility and adaptability in close-quarters combat led to the exploration of folding stock designs.

The 1913 folding stock was primarily associated with the iconic MP18, the world’s first submachine gun. Developed by Hugo Schmeisser during World War I, the MP18 featured a revolutionary folding stock that allowed for easier transport and improved maneuverability in tight spaces. The concept quickly gained traction among military circles, setting the stage for the widespread adoption of folding stocks in subsequent firearms designs.

Evolution and Design Features:

The design of the 1913 folding stock was characterized by its simplicity and effectiveness. Typically attached to the rear of the firearm, the folding stock could be collapsed to reduce the overall length of the weapon, making it more compact for storage or transportation. In addition to enhancing portability, the folding stock provided users with the ability to quickly deploy their firearms in confined spaces, such as trenches or urban environments.

As firearm technology continued to evolve, so did the design of folding stocks. Manufacturers incorporated various materials, including wood, metal, and later, synthetic materials, to create lightweight yet durable stocks. Improved locking mechanisms and ergonomic considerations also contributed to the refinement of folding stock designs, ensuring reliability and ease of use.

Impact on Firearms Design:

The adoption of the 1913 folding stock had a profound impact on firearms design across the globe. Military forces recognized the advantages of compact and easily transportable firearms, leading to the integration of folding stocks into a wide range of weapons, from submachine guns to assault rifles.

Beyond the military sphere, civilian firearms enthusiasts also embraced the convenience and versatility offered by folding stocks. Sporting rifles and shotguns equipped with folding stocks became popular choices for those seeking a balance between portability and performance.


The 1913 folding stock stands as a testament to the ingenuity and adaptability of firearm designers in response to the changing demands of warfare. Its introduction marked a pivotal moment in the evolution of firearms, influencing the design of weapons for both military and civilian use. As we continue to appreciate the historical significance of the 1913 folding stock, we recognize its enduring legacy and the role it played in shaping the firearms landscape of the 20th century and beyond.